How Does Practical Permaculture Food Forest Work ? (The Way Of Nature)


Growing Food Naturally – Discover how does A Practical Permaculture Food Forest Work?
guys no just thanks Jasper and thank the
opportunity of I've come in here and
have a conversation I hope it's really
been a conversation I have a little few
slides to sort of set the scene and
interesting enough it sort of firm
relates back to the first speaker and
what you were saying about currents and
new zealand position in the world and
that's something i want to look at it
from a agricultural point of view i
really want to look at some what would
be a sustainable and resilient
agriculture and has to relate to the
place that sin and and then I just want
to have a little bit of that are quite
different way of doing agriculture so
this is going to be very different than
what we've just been hearing about
starting to look at this globe here you
notice we are in the world that's half
the world and mostly Pacific Ocean and
we have this large piece of land miss
really largely and miss stuck in the
middle of nowhere in that big ocean and
that's very critical to to the nature of
this place and where it is and so one of
the first things is it has sort of right
being in mid-latitudes it's a the
temperate climate country very long
across some latitude so it's quite
variable that's a lot of variation in
the New Zealand environment as well and
be easier and landscape and that has a
lot of meaning in terms of agriculture
because agriculture has to be later to
say to a place in the nature of this
place so if it's called a variable place
in our culture should be quite variable
as well so i'm actually going to talk
about one topic agriculture that might
be suitable and I'm not going to assign
science the only one the really
important point is that relates to the
place your hand and so I have these big
changes between summer and winter was
very seasonal but unlike in Europe our
seasons are very variable as well and
because we're stacking as big ocean of
swirls around water in water
it's very changeable and so the ones and
so what I wonder is a very brief little
story about what news in place in the
world others so we start that need to
read up to match the about the geology
we're on the string of far
around the Pacific so this slice of
actually continental material that stuck
down between entire canister Leo and if
you look at them for other Whitey stuff
in that love that down there that's all
continental material actually a
continent museum but mostly under the
water and we go up and down a lot
because they're on this stick tonic
plate boundary so I have these uplifted
mountains and it's very fresh shit and
broken rock and they have very intense
rain falls come to in a minute as well
so we have these rapid mountains to see
rivers and and then their environment is
is this sort of shaky islands bring
mountainous free with watery country
that we live in and so we just go to the
next one this is a this is not quite as
good i don't forget his grandma says Lou
hear some terms of his dynamics but this
is the same circulation around
Antarctica around all the oceans of the
world to link them together and that
circulation Antarctic and how it changes
as it's really important to our climate
along with the big circulation in the
South Pacific
so I got these big circulations that the
can i meet together we have the warm
coming down from the top and mineral and
cool water up from the bottom that's why
a very productive season around easier
and in fact we do very little about our
marine environment in terms of marine
farming and it's not actually farmington
Xu family we rob the oceans really that
s another another topic so we're going
to it but we are in this basically very
watery things influenced by by the ocean
circulation and the ones as well around
them what I want to show here though is
that time you know we might think we're
all right with the climate change net
but we have mid-latitude mid-latitude
means maximum change employment not the
power stay cold in the tropics day heart
and then letter to change the most so
pretty 10,000 years ago that little
diagram a new zealand here trying to
show you where basically to the
grassman's nice sort of 200 canada
canadian tundra lend ok trees had to
really retreat
hey and I've already vegetated since and
over a period of time of the diversified
again i come back from the little
refuges and recolonize the lane but what
it does mean that under our present
climate and circumstances where
basically a foreign country that's the
natural cover of the slain that guy's
for various evolutionary historical
theological reasons as well in terms of
how we came to be we are many developers
very different type of forest
we're actually a rainforest very
temperate rainforest unusual rainforest
and and out for us and not only build a
great amount of biomass and diversity in
the forest itself but they also
developed nutrients and nutrient stores
in the soil and that's very unusual for
rain for us so we have this really
record bro remember remarkable forest as
a natural forest environment and then
long can people and you know the story
what happens when people come so we
we've had somebody mentioned earlier we
were basically country of recent
immigrants and clean Polynesian both
Polynesian European pretty recent and
we've both done a lot of damage to our
forests and that's this is these clear
scientists look at the pollen counts and
find out where things are on it
there's a bit of natural changes will
tomorrow is an active volcano and our
ups every so often you know it does so
you can do so pretty much behave and
destroyed a lot of forest in the middle
of the North Island which were naturally
we vegetate in the time then people came
into this country and started cutting on
putting them down again so we have this
sort of forested land and for one reason
or another whether was trying to chase
morrow or where that was trying to make
brecon grow which is not a variable
thing but you can eat it or wear that
was trying to make mother England habits
dairy and beef and shape we've been the
and I have to end up to them my
grandfather built the frost to i come
from a farming background my appearance
or she can be farmers and walks by and I
pretty penny relative still farming and
my grandfather put a match to a huge lot
of forest so I you know we've all we're
all done that sort of stuff but what
should we do about it
I mean so I just want to be very briefly
on a few comments about what might be a
alternative way of doing agriculture
this forest had come to you naturally
fast lane
the other thing about this mean this is
a just a picture of you know see the
mountains for the camera just to make
the point and reports also be made huge
lot of introduced species engine from
NZXT to mammals to plants all sorts of
nature of things have been introduced
introduced into a very different
ecosystems and so we have this real
mixed bag now where I come from is well
where do we go from here
I mean that's where and so all these
creatures are here all these trees are
here we can grow apples and pears hear
that come from zero and obviously not
but they go extremely well he so from
permaculture point of view if we're
trying to look at what's appropriate
this place but also what the resources
that are here now and what we can make
use of then what would be the top of
their culture that we might have that
azz brazilian and productive and so this
is where the side of food forests but
it's sort of a horseshoe shape and
that's the sort of the template that we
developed originally around how to do a
food for us because I think Matthew talk
about ages and the dynamics of Ages at
the beginning the most productive part
of a forest exige it's imagine imagine
between the middle and all the sort of
herbaceous in the the little strawberry
and then the bigger trees and up to your
big bigger trees and
that's where nature is really productive
because it's the gazette growth phase
and effect what we're suggestion is is
it is a management I mean all
agriculture involved some management of
the natural environment that you know
when it bothers you that we are part of
nature environment as well and if you're
going to use their intelligence in the
right way we might better work with
their next one would be a natural
organism and produce a more productive
environment which can feed ourselves as
well as the birds and the bees and
that's what this is about so this is the
template to the north as the open here
with Miller's bacterial counts more back
into the forest area back in the morph
angle lens soils behind and then that's
own you can have a huge diversity and so
the main thing about diversity is really
is the resilience of the whole system
and so just seems that cooking through
quickly this is example just talks about
this is a block of land in the valley
it had four products for grazing 2010
that photograph was taken but all those
colored dots that the colors represent
different things like whether they're
not so with that up fruit or Stanford or
citrus or whether their shelter or
nutrient accumulation trees or whatever
they are a lot of different guilds and
the gills of things that like to to live
together these trees like it together
and so what we're trying to do here is
demonstrate and a commercial level a
type of forest space agriculture that
will produce far more produce in that
area and the neighbor that grazing did
it will be family resilient to droughts
and storms and floods and whatever
climate change the might be in it and
still there come you know so it's an
attempt to demonstrate a forest beta
cultures unit are now there's a are laid
out the that's what I thought with the
main points about forest space / culture